Monday, May 25, 2020

SAT Test Dates and Registration Deadlines for 2019â€20

The SAT is offered seven times a year:  August, October, November, December, March, May and June. SAT subject tests are administered on all of those dates except for in March. Also, plan carefully because not all subject tests are offered on a given date. SAT registration deadlines are typically about four weeks before the exam date. SAT Exam Dates and Registration Deadlines U.S. students have seven testing dates to choose from for taking the SAT in the 2019–20  admissions cycle.   SAT Exam Dates and Registration Deadlines Test Date Test Registration Deadline Late Registration Deadline August 24, 2019 SAT Subject Tests July 26, 2019 August 13, 2019 October 5, 2019 SAT Subject Tests September 6, 2019 September 24, 2019 November 2, 2019 SAT Subject Tests October 3, 2019 October 22, 2019 December 7, 2019 SAT Subject Tests November 8, 2019 November 26, 2019 March 14, 2020 SAT Only February 14, 2020 March 3, 2020 May 2, 2020 SAT Subject Tests April 3, 2020 April 21, 2020 June 6, 2020 SAT Subject Tests May 8, 2020 May 27, 2020 Be sure to plan ahead since  registration deadlines are roughly a month before the test date. You can often register late for an additional fee, but even late registration must be completed about ten days before the exam date. If you   miss the late registration deadline, you can still register for waitlist status up until five days before the exam date. If you are on the waitlist, there is no guarantee of admission to the exam, and an additional fee will be assessed if you are allowed to take the SAT. Waitlist requests are handled on the SAT website just like regular registration. Other SAT Test Dates The seven test dates in the table above are open to all students, but they are not the only dates that the SAT is offered. Some schools administer the SAT on a Tuesday or Wednesday in the fall or spring. Weekday exams have the benefit of not conflicting with weekend work or sports schedules, but you will obviously be missing all of your morning classes. Also, this option will be available only to students who attend participating schools. For the 2019–20 academic year, weekday exams are offered on October 16, March 4, March 25, April 14, and April 28. Finally, like the ACT, the SAT offers Sunday testing for students who cannot take a Saturday exam for religious reasons. If you wish to test on Sunday, you will need to get a letter from an official religious leader that explains your request. You will also find that you have far fewer options for your testing center on Sundays since only a small number of students have religious conflicts on Saturdays. When Should You Take the SAT? Youll hear different strategies for when and how many times you should take the SAT, but a good general rule is to take the exam once in the second half of junior year (March, May, or June). If your scores arent on target for your top choice colleges, youll have time to beef up your skills and retake the exam in the first half of senior year (August, October, November, and possible December).  Students applying to college through an  Early Decision  or  Early Action  program will typically  want to take the exam by October of senior year. To figure out whether or not you should retake the exam, youll need learn what your target colleges consider a good SAT score. A 1000 may be fine for many colleges, while SAT scores for the Ivy League tend to be in the 1400 range or higher.   Because the SAT tests the English and math skills you have learned in school, it is generally not advisable to take the exam before junior year. Unless youre an accelerated student, you simply wont have covered all of the material on the exam early in high school. That said, there are some special summer programs and awards that require early SAT testing. The scores from testing early shouldnt affect your admission chances as long as you take the exam again later in high school. How Much Does Registration for the SAT Cost? When you register for the SAT, youll need to pay the required fee. The cost will vary depending on your time of registration and which test you are taking: $49.50 for the basic SAT exam$64.50 for the SAT exam with the optional essay$30  additional fee for late registration$53  waitlist fee if you miss the registration deadlines and are admitted to a test center on test day$26 basic subject test registration fee$22  additional fee for each subject test$26 additional fee for a language with listening subject test   If your familys income makes paying these testing fees prohibitive, you may be able to qualify for an SAT fee waiver. You can learn more about fee waivers on  the SAT web site. A Final Word About SAT Testing and Registration The SAT, like all aspects of applying to college, requires some strategizing and planning. Be sure to map out timelines for junior year and senior year so that you dont miss important test dates and registration deadlines. If you are planning on taking SAT subject tests, planning is even more important since you cant take a subject test on the same day as the regular SAT. Finally, be sure to keep the SAT in perspective. Yes, it can be an important part of the college admissions process, but it is just one piece of the equation. A strong academic record with challenging classes, impressive letters of recommendation, a stunning essay, and meaningful extracurricular activities can all help make up for SAT scores that are less than ideal. Also keep in mind that there are hundreds of test-optional colleges that dont require SAT scores as part of the admissions process.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Essay about Hip Hops Betrayal on Black Women - 1068 Words

La Shannon Appleby Baomei Lin ENGL 1123 P18 16 February 2012 Rhetorical Analysis of â€Å"Hip Hop’s Betrayal of Black Women† In â€Å"Hip Hop’s Betrayal of Black Women†, McLune addresses the influence of hip hop’s choice of words towards African American women and females. McLune’s article is written in response to Powell’s opinions in â€Å"Notes of a Hip Hop Head†, along with various other hip hop artists, that black females are the leading cause of poverty and racism why black men undertake racism and poverty, as if women do not face these struggles from day to day. McLune disagrees with this remark and states that this is just one of many excuses that men use. McLune addresses an audience that is well educated along with informed with the†¦show more content†¦By expressing this with the African American society of women who are continuously torched by the demanding words of men, McLune appeals strongly to all American women’s intellect of equality and respect. Women s hould not have to be judged by men and expect to be treated as if they owe anyone something, let alone have to be mistreated and belittled, if that were to be the case then men should be treated the same, therefore McLune’s audience, should understand that that is not how you define a black woman in any terms. This denotation to the silent cries supports for an emotional appeal to an example of the silent cries in African American women. As stated in the title, Powell is aware that black women are merely being betrayed in the hip-hop industry and simply states that the choice of words that hip-hop artist chose to rap about is simply â€Å"the ghetto blues, urban folk art, a cry out for help.† (298) and it is rubbing off on almost every man in our American society and giving them a different perspective of women all because women refuse to speak out and speak up. â€Å"As a result, female rappers are often just as male-identified, violent, materialistic, and ignorant as their male peers.† (298). Over 100 years ago, women were not even allowed to vote, the closest they got to voting was sitting there and watching. They were not allowed to work, they were forced to be stay at home wives while theirShow MoreRelatedHip Hops Betrayal of Black Women961 Words   |  4 PagesMiddleto n Comp I 25 Sept. 2011 Hip Hop’s Betrayal of Black Women The Hip Hop music industry is infamous for being controversial. In the article Hip Hop’s Betrayal of Black Women there’s a debate on whether the exploitation and constant verbal slander of women should be acceptable just because it sales records. It presents the question that why is it that male poverty breeds sexism? Even though women may have lived in the same environment males still see women as the enemy in their music in anRead More Portrayal of Women in Rap and Music Videos Essay1725 Words   |  7 Pages Misogyny and degradation of women is present in almost every genre of music, yet the one genre that completely revolves around demeaning women is rap. Over the years rap and rap music videos have continually become more sexual and degrading towards women. Rap has been criticized numerous times for this reason, and that is because rap is one of the most popular genres of music for the younger generations. It is more than a genre of music, it is a complete indust ry filled with clothing and other merchandise

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Monocular Cues Essay (Psychology) - 813 Words

Masters of Illusions – Monocular Cues Essay The Renaissance was a time of cultural movement occurring from the 14th century to the 17th century, it brought along with it a new view of art and literature. Many of today’s famous artists came from the Renaissance such as Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci, and Michelangelo. Many of the pieces they drew displayed evidence monocular cues which are depth perception cues that allowed the viewer to see the art in three dimensions. Today, monocular cues are used almost everywhere, from photographs to movies and television shows to create a visual appeal and depth to the work. The monocular cue, Linear perspective, is the cue that shows a convergence of lines to a single point, which can also be the†¦show more content†¦The texture of the people in the very front are elaborate and as the viewer focuses his attention to the background of the picture, it is clear that the texture went from coarse to fine because the people in the back do not have significant details such as faces or proper figure. In fact, they seem to be just paint blotches. Monocular cues have played a big role in a person’s perspective and it has allowed people to see things in a whole new way. The Renaissance gave birth to monocular cues and from there, it has been used by many artists like Da Vinci, Pieter Bruegel, and Benozzo Gozzoli, each of them using different monocular cues in different ways. What began with artworks from the Renaissance has evolved into motion pictures and photography. Today, monocular cues are used to create new technology such as 3D TVs andShow MoreRelatedWhy Do we have Two Eyes rather than one? Essay1876 Words   |  8 Pagesperception, the human visual system must receive and interpret information from different sources including monocular and binocular cues to depth. Depth cues or pointers are important source of information, which enable the human visual system to re-construct 3D images from flat or 2D retinal images (Blake Sekuler, 2006; Fischmeister Bauer, 2006). However, contrary to other categories of cues, the cues to depth do not elicit any form of conscious deliberation in order for depth to be perceived, but ratherRead MorePerception; Subliminal and Supraliminal Perception5215 Words   |  21 Pagesschool of thought or psychology. * Figure-ground Relationships. When we look at objects, we usually see them as solid, well-defined image (figure) standing out against a background (ground). * Continuity- objects arranged in a straight or curve line tends to be seen as continuous and as a unit. * Common Region- objects that are in the same area or region is perceived as being in a group. * Monocular cues- require the use of only one eye. Some examples of monocular depth cues are relative sizeRead MoreEssay on Sensation: Color and Absolute Threshold Correct16161 Words   |  65 Pages d) presented in pure form so that only one basic taste is involved ANS: a, p. 101, C, LO=3.10, (2) 102. Maricella always uses less seasoning on her food than do the other members of her family. Her sister has just taken an introductory psychology course and says to Maricella, ________ a) â€Å"I know what you are – you are a taster pro.† b) â€Å"I know what you are – you are a taster queen.† c) â€Å"I know what you are – you are a supertaster.† Correct. Someone who is more sensitive to taste

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Beatlemania In The 1960s Essay Example For Students

Beatlemania In The 1960s Essay The Beatles were a mystical happening that many people still dont underezd. Phenomenoligists had a ball in 1964 with Beatlemania, a generally harmless form of madness which came from Britain in 1963. The sole cause of Beatlemania is a quartet of young Englishmen known as the Beatles. In the less than one year that they achieved popularity in England to the time they came to America, The Beatles achieved a popularity and following that is unprecedented in the history of show business in England. They became the first recording artists anywhere in the world to have a record become a million-seller before its release. They became the target of such adoration by their fans that they had to cancel all one-night bookings because of riots in early 1964. Beatlemania had reached unbelievable proportions in England, it became a form of reverse lend-lease and spread to the United States. Capitol records followed the Beatles single record with the release of an album, Meet the Beatles, in late January of 1964. That event was followed by the Beatles themselves, who arrived in New York February 8, 1964 for three appearances with Ed Sullivan. The first show was scheduled for Sunday, February 9, the second was telecast from Miami a week later, and the third pre-taped for an airing in March. These concerts were the most watched television programs ever (70 million viewers) until recently. The Beatles arrival in the United States was presaged by a deluge of advance publicity. Newsweek, Time, and Life have chronicled Beatlemania, UPI, and the AP(Associated Press) had done their part for the cause (including an AP wirephoto of J. Paul Getty sporting a Beatle wig), and even Vogue shoved high fashion aside momentarily in its January, 1964 issue and carried a full-page photo of the group. Baltimores respected Evening Sun took notice of the coming of the Beatles on its editorial page at that time. Said the Sun: The Beatles are coming. Those four words are said to be enough to jelly the spine of the most courageous police captain in Britain Since, in this case, the Beatles are coming to America, America had better take thought as to how it will deal with the invasion Indeed, a restrained Beatles, go home, might be just the thing. Precisely how, when, and where Beatlemania got started nobody- not even their late manager Brian Epstein(who died of a drug overdose in 1967) can say for sure. The Beatles are a product of Liverpool, which had a population of some 300 rock and roll bands( or beat groups, as Liverpudlians are wont to call them). The beat groups hawked their musical wares in countless small cellar clubs, old stores and movie houses, even in a converted church, nearly all of which are in proximity to the Mersey River. Out of all these groups came, somehow, the Beatles. And they had to go to Germany to do it. In order to better their Liverpool take-home pay of around $15. per week apiece, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo (so called because of his penchant for wearing at least four rings) Starr took a tramp steamer to Hamburg and a job which moved them up a bit financially, if not in class. There, in a raucous and rowdy strip joint, the Indra Club, the Beatles became the first entertainers to play louder than the audience. There, too, they were discovered by English promoter and talent agent, Brian Epstein, who has since become deservedly known as the fifth Beatle. Under Epsteins shrewd guidance, the Beatles soon found themselves signing a contract with Britains giant Electric ; Musical Industries, Ltd., the largest recording organization in the world and major stockholder in Capitol Records, Inc.; headlining concerts throughout Britain; and appearing on television. .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c , .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c .postImageUrl , .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c , .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c:hover , .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c:visited , .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c:active { border:0!important; } .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c:active , .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u224aac78597f8993be73f74de1cb012c:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Elvis Presley Biography Essay Their first recording, Love Me Do, was issued by EMIs Parlophone label in October, 1962. It sold a respectable 100,000 copies, and it was the last time a Beatle single sold less than half million copies. The first million-seller, She Loves You, came out in the spring of 1963. It was followed by two albums, Please, Please Me and With the Beatles. Both LPs sold over 300,000 copies.1 Then, finally, came the unprecedented success of the newest single record, I Want to Hold Your Hand. In between there was three extended play ( a 45 r.p. m. disk containing four tunes) recordings which also racked up sales of several hundred thousand apiece. All this resulted in what is universally known in Britain as Beatlemania and, as Newsweek said of young Liverpudlians, the sound of their music is one of the most persistent noises heard over England since the air-raid sirens were dismantled. Their popularity reached a head of sorts when, in November of 1963, at the request of the Royal Family, The Beatles headlined the annual command performance at the Prince of Wales theater. It was a glittering affair and, probably out of deference to attending royalty (including the Queen Mother-she found them young, fresh, and vital and Princess Margaret), notable for the absence of even a small riot. Despite their apparent appointment as Purveyors of Rock and Roll to the Crown, the Beatles have taken the whole thing in stride. Said Beatle John Lennon to the lords and ladies at the command performance: People in the cheaper seats clap your hands, the rest of you just rattle your jewelry. It was not only their good looks and wonderfully unique music that made them so popular with the young ladies (and men too!). It was their witty charm that was reflected in the quote from the Royal Command Performance. Here is part of what was said at LaGuardia airport on February 7, 1964: Will you sing for us? someone asked. We need money first, John Lenin shot back. Whats your message for American teenagers? Our message is. ..buy some more Beatle records, returned Paul McCartney. What about the movement in Detroit to stamp out the Beatles? Were starting a movement to stamp out Detroit. Do you hope to take anything home with you? Rockefeller Center. What do you think of Beethoven? I love him, said Ringo Starr. Especially his poems. Dont you guys ever get a haircut? I just got one yesterday, retorted George Harrison. Added Ringo: You should have seen him the day before. Theres a little bit of Beatle history. One could say that they did not just come out of nowhere , like many people believe. It took hard, diligent work to go where they went. Because of this Came out of nowhere to steal the hearts of young girls quote that was often used in the 1960s, many psychiatrists felt the need to examine further. Anthony Corbett, a noted English psychologist praised the Beatles as having provided a desperately needed release for the inhibitions which exist in all of us.2Dixon Scott of the London Daily Mirror interviewed a well-known psychiatrist (unnamed because of medical ethics) in an attempt to get to the root of Beatlemania. We are all chaotic and mixed up inside, the psychiatrist told Scott. We are anxious to have a greater freedom to live. We have a greater feeling of the need to express ourselves in the past we have been controlled automatonsbut you cannot hold nature back forever. All the parts in use had to seek an outlet and rhythm is one of these outletsthen along came the Beatles with their fresh beat and fresh innocence. .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5 , .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5 .postImageUrl , .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5 , .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5:hover , .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5:visited , .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5:active { border:0!important; } .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5:active , .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5 .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uca57edb56c924db55d636d27e842dbf5:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Essay The psychiatrist then came to the crux of the problem: A revolution is taking place, he said. It amounts to freedom with a sense of responsibility and honesty. The fans recognize the honesty that shines from the Beatles. While other pop stars have thought in artificial terms of reaching out to their audiences, the Beatles are giving honestly, as well as receiving. In a lengthy article in the New York Times, Frederick Lewis of that papers London bureau, examined the sociological implications of Beatlemania and came up with other theories. They (The Beatles) are working class and their roots and attitudes are firmly of the north of England. Because of their success, they can act as spokesman for the new, noisy, anti-establishment generation which is become a force in British life, Lewis wrote. The Beatles are part of a strong-flowing reaction against the soft, middle class south of England, which has controlled popular culture for so long. Beatlemania has touched all corners of English and American life and all types of people. Obviously , it had an enormous effect on America. The proof can be shown in the millions upon millions of records they have sold in the last 32 years that they have been making records (in the present tense because they are still releasing records today). In the first Beatles fanzine in America, it shows how crazy America was at this time over the Beatles. It has life stories, full page pictures, how to do the Beatle dance, and the Beatle haircut. The big contest was to win a call from the Beatles. And at the end there was some wallet size photos for the girls purses. It is obvious that the Beatles influenced everyones lives. From the shrieking girls, to the parents of those girls, and the police officers that tried their best to contain the uncontrollable(girls). Their popularity diminished after they stopped touring in 1966, which was due to the strain and stress of touring that they had endured. But their impact was to last forever. The wanting of the reunion has been so big that they are reuniting to collaborate for a new album. It will undoubtedly be a best seller. After all these years, people still love them. 1 According to The Beatles- The first American Beatle Fan-zine. 2 All quotes courtesy of The Beatles- The First American Beatle Fan-zine.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Revival of Chikankari Essays

Revival of Chikankari Essays Revival of Chikankari Essay Revival of Chikankari Essay Lucknow is a lovely old city, a city of old gardens and palaces, fine architectural conceits mosques, temples and aging monuments, a city so favoured by European travelers once upon a time, that it was popularly called ‘the Constantinople of the East’. It has a great deal of historicity. It is synonymous with architectural elegance, cultural finesse, social warmth and an enduring love for gracious living. Lucknow also has the distinction of being today, the cusp of a very beautiful, very aesthetic form of white floral embroidery, unique to this geographical location. Chikankari, that has been practiced in Lucknow for almost more than two hundred years. Chikancraft is rooted in antiquity. The history of chikankari is richly anecdotal Some historians opine, that Chikan is a Persian craft as the word ‘Chikan’ is probably a derivative from the Persian word ‘Chikin’ or Chakeen which means a kind of embroidered fabric. Although the origins of Chikancraft, remain shrouded in the mists of time,but we can say with some justification that it gained a meaningful presence in Lucknow and its surrounding areas sometime during the late18th and early 19th century when it was brought to the Lakhnawi courts of the nawabs. It was patronized by the self-indulgent, pleasure-loving nawabs, favoured by local rajahs, sultans and zamindars and became a very intrinsic part of Lakhnawi grace and culture. Abdul Halim Sharar, in his book, Lucknow; The Last Phase of an Oriental Culture gives a very graphic description of male attire and specifically mentions the presence of chikan. According to him the people of Lucknow, ‘covered their heads with chau goshia, topi’s of chikan work, their bodies with angarkhas, their legs with wide pyjamas, and over their shoulders they draped scarves or cummerbands (sashes). For the ladies, chikankari was used to adorn Lehengas and odhnis (long skirts and veils), kurtas and angarkhas (Tunics), prayer cloths and scarves of light muslin or tulle. Ensembles of the most incredible beauty were created with this subtle white on white embroidery, translating its very simplicity into an exotic fashion statement. . This was the accepted fashion of the upper classes and elegant people in Lucknow. Chikancraft did not limit itself to garments alone. Chikan was basically a way of life. It permeated the court and entered the homes and domestic life of the people. It could satisfy the fashionable as well as the domestic instinct . It shifted from garments to the domestic line seamlessly. The Lakhnawis used chikan to grace their homes in the form of bedspreads, pillowcovers, palanquin, curtains, tablecovers, drapes, runners, mats, napkins, tray and tea-cozy covers. Chikan craft has a few characteristics Fabric fine muslin, semi-translucent, very fine white cotton or alike. Threads fine untwisted cotton or tussah silk and today rayon. Embroidery pulled work, shadow work: exquisite delicacy of detail. Designs flowing scrolls with creepers, flowers and leaves and never geometric. Stitches each has its own chikan name, with strict definitions of use. Similar to back stitch, satin, stem, chain, eyelet, pulled fabric stitches. Earlier Chikankari used the finest of white cotton fabric called muslin or mulmul. , as the base material for the production of good chikan embroidery. There were two/three categories of fine, white fabric that are used for chikancraft, namely Addhi, Tanzeb and Girant. Out went the voiles and mulmuls and the pastel shades and came voile, organza, polyester, chiffon, viscose, georgette, polyester georgette, cotton crepe tussars and silk that exhibit the Chikan Work in symphony with the traditional and western designs and styles. Its not just chikan work on fabrics like cotton, but experimentation, the order of the day, has enhanced basic chikan with more detailing- with zardozi, crystals and so on. Today, there a handful of craftsmen and women who practice the true chikankari, but they are almost a vanishing breed. After independence, the U. P. Government tried to revive Chikancraft by setting up government schemes and government centers where chikan is taught, free material made available, infrastructural facilities provided free of cost and finally the product marketed by the government agencies so that the chikanworker would benefit economically and chikan itself would improve qualitativelyThe central and state government is now making valiant efforts to sustain their craft by opening workshops where chikankars are trained to produce quality work, if not exactly reproduce the earlier aesthetic glory of chikancraft. Several branding exercises are being done for the famous chikan fabric of Lucknow to make it more appealing and to promote it in the national international market. A special chikan website, ramp shows, online chikan trade fairs, buyer-seller meet, use of information technology to create virtual sample and shop-in-shop at leading retail chains are the tools that would be included in this branding exercise. Sta te government organizations like the U. P. Export Corporation and the U. P. Handicraft Board are trying to ensure fair wages to the chikan workers, and prevent the exploitation of the chikankar but their efforts do not cover the entire gamut of the chikan workforce. There are other agencies, like SEWA, the Self Employed Women’s Association,who have played a major role in reorganizing chikancraft and giving it a new life force and direction In the last twentyfive years the central and state government has made a conscious effort to revive chikancraft. It has done tremendous work to organize the chikan work force, ensure good wages and encourage praoper marketing and ultimately produce a good quality chikan. Chikancraft now has a global presence, albeit a very slender one. It requires a great deal of economic interest and economic thrust to metamorphose it from a small but significant cottage industry into a commercially viable international enterprise. Chikankari stages a revival in a contemporary designer avatar as whites and pastels make way for fruity hues and bold motifs on garments ranging from pants to kimonos and corsets to sherwanis chikan work is drawing a wider clientele. Now chikan is no more a casual wear but is also found in a wide variety of formal wears. Be it any kind of gathering amongst the young restless and chikan is the most selective style, as many top designers are involved in reviving chikankari. They have managed to give chikan global recognition and acceptance; Abu Jani and Sandeep Khosla, Rina Dhaka and Vivek Narang have all contributed to the transformation of ordinary chikan into a fashion statement. Now that chikan has a designer stamp and has lit up the lamp, it is been increasingly seen on college campuses and in offices too. Bright ruity color with white embroidery over singlets are very popular with collegians. It is also making an appearance on high-end garments in stores like Harrods and Selfridges where it is labelled Indian lace. Says designer Tarun Tahiliani Chikancraft has a global presence, albeit a very slender one. The art of using chikan is no longer restricted to Indian fashion, The past two years have seen a surge in demand in both the domestic and overseas market, says Vijay Kumar Kapoor, vice-preside nt, Lucknow Chikan Handicraft Association. The contemporary usage of chikan has also done away with traditional shades and several such designs are being supplied to all parts of India, Germany, the US and the Gulf where it is positioned in high-end stores as kaftans. It requires a great deal of economic interest and economic thrust to metamorphose it from a small but significant cottage industry into a commercially viable international enterprise,

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Defending your case Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Defending your case - Essay Example It is a form of post traumatic relationship, where the female can go to being paranoid because of the trauma she is experiencing from the pains of the relationship. Domestic violence is actually listed as a disease, albeit not an organic one. It is a disease because it causes pain and mental stress to the victim. To be called a â€Å"battered woman† a female should have two cycles of battering. There are no statistics that show the rate of the victims of Battered Women’s Syndrome. However, there are statistics that show that 50% of all the homeless women in the States are fleeing domestic violence. Statistics also show that men beat almost 4 million women every year. They are all helpless, and as part of the syndrome, they even stick with their partners even if they are abused. However, there are those who manage to kill their abusive partners as part of survival. Unfortunately, that accounts for a criminal case. Looking through history, we can see that Domestic Violence is not new. In fact, it is permitted. Women were always seen as the inferior sex and this made the men more confident in lording over women. In ancient Roman history, the husband is permitted to use force like breaking his wife’s nose to discipline her. The English principle of coverture actually commodified women: they are properties too. Lastly, and perhaps the most infamous law regarding Domestic Violence is the Rule of Thumb. It was in the Common Law of England that states that a man can beat his wife as long as the stick used is not wider than his thumb. The Battered Woman Defense is not regarded highly in courts. Why? The main argument of the judiciary system is this â€Å"the females do not get out of the abusive relationship early on†. The judiciary system is implying that these females killed the [abusive] man because they are indeed murderous people, not saving their lives as what the females say. Looking at the symptoms of